I have decided to start documenting my studies, labs and notes. It seems like a fun way to learn and create an archive for future reference. And if my ramblings just happen to help anyone out in the future, then that’s great too!
So let’s get started.
I wanted to test DAI (Dynamic ARP Inspection) today in a lab environment but it seems the switch I am using does not support this feature. Which is weird, because it’s a 3550 and should support almost everything I would need for the exam.
% Unrecognized command
Looking at the current version, using the command show version, it seemed rather old;
Cisco IOS Software, C3550 Software (C3550-I5Q3L2-M), Version 12.2(25)SE
I checked my IOS archive folder and found a newer IP Services image which should support the commands I’d need;
Seeing as I will have to upgrade my switch, I figured I might as well document the process for whoever is looking for it.
So, the first step will be checking to see if your switch’s flash memory has room for the new IOS image with the command show file systems.
Switch#show file systems
Size(b) Free(b) Type Flags Prefixes
* 15998976 9957376 flash rw flash:
– – opaque ro bs:
– – opaque rw vb:
15998976 9957376 unknown rw zflash:
– – opaque rw system:
393216 389374 nvram rw nvram:
We have a good 9950000 bytes free on the flash drive.
The image we are planning to upload is 9707520 bytes which seems like a bit of a tight fit.
In this case I’m planning to start with a clean configuration anyway so I decided to completely wipe the flash drive with the command erase flash:
Erasing the flash filesystem will remove all files! Continue? [confirm]
flashfs: 0 files, 1 directories
flashfs: 0 orphaned files, 0 orphaned directories
flashfs: Total bytes: 15998976
flashfs: Bytes used: 1024
flashfs: Bytes available: 15997952
flashfs: flashfs fsck took 9 seconds.
Erase of flash: complete
Et voila, nice and clean again.
Now, to upload the new image.
To set up the TFTP server I used Solarwinds’ free TFTP server.
I will not cover the configuration of the server itself as it’s trivial (get it?) and quite straightforward.
First we will copy the image from our server to our switch with the copy tftp: flash: command.
Switch#copy tftp: flash:
Address or name of remote host ? 192.168.2.2
Source filename ? c3550-ipservicesk9-mz.122-44.SE6.bin
Destination filename [c3550-ipservicesk9-mz.122-44.SE6.bin]?
Loading c3550-ipservicesk9-mz.122-44.SE6.bin from 192.168.2.2 (via Vlan1):
[OK – 9707290 bytes]
9707290 bytes copied in 180.944 secs (53648 bytes/sec)
That went well. Now we need to tell the switch which IOS image to load during the boot process.
We can do this with the boot system flash:filename.bin command.
Switch(config)#boot system flash:c3550-ipservicesk9-mz.122-44.SE6.bin
That was it, now save your config and reload the switch.
Proceed with reload? [confirm]
Once the switch is done booting we’ll check if it’s actually running the image we just uploaded with the command show version.
Cisco IOS Software, C3550 Software (C3550-IPSERVICESK9-M), Version 12.2(44)SE6
Alright, and are my commands working now?
Switch(config)#ip arp ?
gratuitous Gratuitous ARP control
inspection Arp Inspection configuration
poll IP ARP polling for unnumbered interfaces
proxy Global proxy ARP configuration
track ARP Track configuration
Yep, there they are.